The WW II Museum
Address: Yanvarskogo povstaniya, 44
Phone: +38(044)285 9457
The decision to establish a museum of Great Patriotic War was adopted in 1943, when there were still battles for the liberation of Ukraine from German invaders. But the post-war situation in the country forced to postpone the matter and revert to it only in the seventies of last century.
For the first time the museum of the history of the Great Patriotic War 1941 – 1945’s was opened 17 October 1974 in the former Klovski Palace. The inauguration of the Memorial complex of the Great Patriotic War took place on the 9 May, 1981. The complex was established on the basis of this museum by the project of sculptor E. Vuchetich and architect E. Stamo on the banks of the Dnieper.
In 1994 – 1995 a modern exposition in the independent Ukrainian State was created. It is extended on the area of more than five thousand square meters and contains about fifteen thousand exhibits, which demonstrate the events of the World War II. A subject of the exhibition is the symbolic «road of war»: the role of the war in the history of Ukraine and Ukrainian people, Ukraine’s contribution to the victory over Nazism, which was achieved at a heavy cost.
Memorial contains several monuments, among which the central monument is the “Mother-Land”, at the base of which there is the museum. At the museum you can see the main square with the Alley of hero cities and sculptures « Fording the Dnipro» and « Transfer of Weapons», the gallery « Heroes of the Front and the Rear», Glory Cup, exposition « Tragedy and Valor of Afghanistan», «At the Strange Wars» and many other exhibits.
By the documents and materials presented at the beginning of the exhibition we can judge about the beginning and causes of World War II. The exhibits in the following halls of the Museum tell us of the heroic defence of Kiev which lasted 72 days and of the 250-day defence of Sebastopol. There is also the map of Ukraine which shows more than 300 Ukrainian villages burnt by Nazis together with the population.
Visitors can see with their own eyes the brutality of fascist crimes against humanity. These are lines of barbed wire, various instruments of murder and torture, things made in Auschwitz (soap from human fat, and gloves from the human skin), the numbers of concentration camps prisoners.
The next stage of the exhibition demonstrates the resistance movement in Ukraine: the partisans’ and undergrounders’ activity; participation of Ukrainians in the resistance movement against the Nazis in the near and far abroad; activities OUN and URA. The museum exhibits show large-scale battles of World War II, which began the liberation of Ukraine and the defeat of Germany.
The final stage of the museum is the Hall of Victory. The names of 12 thousand Heroes of the Soviet Union awarded for heroic deeds during the war were written on the marble slabs in the last hall.